ARCHAEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF DVIN OF THE CLASSICAL AND EARLY MEDIEVAL PERIODS
The multi-layer Dvin archaeological site on the whole covers the period from the 3rd millennium BC to the 13th century AD. The present article is devoted to comparative analysis of corresponding archaeological materials and written sources concerning the survey of the cultural layers of the antique (classical) and early medieval periods of Dvin.
In a dense network of settlements in the northern rear of Artashat Dvin was distinguished by its beneficial geographical location, longevity of cultic function and significant economic potential. During the Artashesian period thick mud brick walls were rebuilt on the massive stone base around the hilltop of Dvin with tower-observatories controlling the valleys of the rivers Eraskh, Metsamor and Azat, and even providing a wide view of the northern approaches to Artashat. During the extensive construction of Dvin’s newly forming early medieval (4th-5th centuries) spiritual center on the south-western foot of the hill the fact of double massive use of architectural details and fined slabs belonging to the ancient structures (of white sandstone, tuff stone, basalt, granite) and the possible use of elaborate colorful ceramic utensils during ritual ceremonies prove that during the Artashesian period the traditional sanctuary known since the beginning of the 1st millennium BC preserved its function.
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