ISSN 1829-4618

THE HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF THE FORMATION OF THE INTERNAL FORCES– THE POLICE SYSTEM OF THE ARTSAKH REPUBLIC (NKR)

By: Sargsyan R. H., PhD in Economics, Colonel of Police 
Sahakyan Ruben, Institute of History of NAS RA

Movses Khorenatsi writes that the nobles of Artsakh of Great Armenia were called vostan (ոստան) and descended from the royal offsprings. In ancient and medieval Armenia just they comprised the elite of the Armenian cavalry (vostanik ոստանիկ) originating from the royal family.
The Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (the Artsakh Republic) MIA was established in 1999 on the basis of the NKAO IA Department. It has departments, divisions, subsidiaries, regional bodies, its coat of arms, uniform, etc. On November 30, 2001 the National Assembly of the NKR passed “The Law of the NKR about the Police” and then “The Law of the NKR about Service in the Police” according to which the MIA of the NKR was re-established into the Police (Vostikanutyun)of the NKR and the official of the MIA – militia became a police officer. On April 16, 2003 the Artsakh militia was renamed to the police and it operates within the framework of the law “OnPolice” adopted by the NKR National Assembly. Law enforcement bodies realize the preservation of the social order and the fight with crime in the NKR. The NKR law “On Police” establishes the frameworks of their authorities. The NKR law enforcement system is headed by the Interior Ministry. The Ministry has departments in all the regions of the Republic and in capital Stepanakert . The operative situation in the NKR is controlled by the NKR Police Department orders, instructions of Police Departments` bodies, criminal and administrative codes and international documents.Since 2014 (by Decision N 124 of the government of the NKR as of March 4) the professional day of the police in the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic has been celebrated on November 30

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