THE ARBITRAL AWARD ON TURKISH-ARMENIAN BOUNDARY BY PRESIDENT OF THE USA WOODROW WILSON (NOV. 22, 1920)
[Historical Background, Legal Aspects and International Dimensions]
Under the Arbitral Award of November 22, 1920, the boundary between Armenia and Turkey was settled conclusively and Turkish-Armenian international boundary was subsequently delimited, as clearly states The Hague Convention (article 54 of the 1899; article 81 of the 1907): The Award, duly pronounced and notified to the agents of the parties, settles [puts an end to] the dispute definitively and without appeal.
It is true that Armenia possesses the legal validity to the Wilsonian Armenia, but it is also true that legal validity by itself will not lead to a solution. Indeed, Armenia is the de jure holder of the title and Turkey grips the control, and none would relinquish its claims, based on Armenian side on the legal validity and on Turkish side on the military power. There is no doubt that international law is the only way to bring about a just and peaceful resolution, thus a durable and permanent solution.
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